Indian Railway

First train in India was started by Lord Dalhousie on April 16, 1853 from Bombay to thane (34 Kms)

It is the largest Railway Network in Asia and second largest in the world.

Slogan of Indian Railway : Lifeline of the Nation

Indian Railways has a mascot – Bholu, the Guard Elephant.

Northernmost railway station is Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir.

Westernmost is Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat.

Southernmost railway station is Kanyakumari,

Eastmost of India is Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia.

Longest Tunnel is Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel 11.215 km.

Ahmedabad Mumbai Central Double Decker Express is India’s first double Decker train.

Indian Railways launched an awareness campaign train on World AIDS Day, December 1, 2007, called the Red Ribbon Express.

Longest rail route in India:- From Dibrugarh (Assam) To Kanyakumari (Vivek express Train) 4273 Km.

The Fairy Queen between New Delhi and Alwar in Rajasthan is the oldest functioning steam engine in the world.

First monorail operate in India – From Sarhind to Alampur and Bhawani mandi to Patiala.

Biggest Electrical loco shade situated at Mughal Sarai (Uttar Pradesh).

Shatabdi Express began for the first time between two station Between New Delhi to Jhansi On 10, July 1988.

First Rajdhani Express ran between two stations New Delhi–Howrah on 1st March 1969.

The world’s longest railway platform is in India at  Gorakhpur.

Train that runs between India and Pakistan is Samjhauta Express.

Train running between India and Bangladesh is Maitree Express.

The Highest railway station in India is Ghum railway station (West Bengal).

The Longest Railway bridge in India is Vembanad Rail Bridge (Vallarpadam Bridge) 4.62km (kerala).

Fastest train in India : Gatiman expess which run between Delhi to Agra (160km/h).

New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the second fastest train in India maximum speed of 150km/h

Slowest train in India : Metupalayam Ooty Nilgiri Passenger (10kmph).

Shortest run by a train : Nagpur and Ajni stations situated just 3km from each other.

First Electric coach Train  ran on the 3rd February 1925 between Bombay VT and Kurla stations.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

IR has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai and

The mountain railways of India.

The latter are three rail lines in different parts of India:

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway in the Lesser Himalayas of West Bengal;

The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge rack railway in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and

The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow-gauge railway in the Siwalik Hills of Himachal Pradesh.

The eight manufacturing plants of the Indian Railways, called Production Units, are managed directly by the ministry.The Production Units are

Sr No Production units Location
1. Chittaranjan Locomotive Works Chittaranjan (West Bangal)


2. Diesel Locomotive Works Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
3. Diesel Loco Modernisation Works


Patiala (Panjab)
4. Rail Coach Factory


Kapurthala (Panjab)
5. Integral Coach Factory


Chennai (Tamilnadu)
6. Rail Wheel Factory Bangalore (Karnataka)
7. Rail Wheel Plant Bela in Chhapra (Bihar)
8. Modern Coach Factory Raebareli (Uttar Pradesh)


Other independent units of Indian Railways are:

1. Central Organisation For Railway Electrification


2. Central Organisation For Modernisation of Workshops New Delhi


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