Some Important Basic Computer Terms

COMPUTER :- 

Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research

Completely Obedient Machine Provided User Types Everything Right

Acronym      Meaning

  1. ACL                  Access Control List
  2. ADC                 Analog-to-Digital Converter
  3. ADF                  Automatic Document Feeder
  4. ADSL               Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  5. AGP                 Accelerated Graphics Port
  6. AIFF                 Audio Interchange File Format
  7. AIX                   Advanced Interactive Executive
  8. ANSI                 American National Standards Institute
  9. API                   Application Program Interface
  10. ARP                  Address Resolution Protocol
  11. ASCII               American Standard Code For Information Interchange
  12. ASP                  Active Server Page
  13. ASP                  Application Service Provider
  14. ATA                  Advanced Technology Attachment
  15. ATM                 Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  16. BASIC              Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  17. BCC                 Blind Carbon Copy
  18. BIOS                Basic Input/Output System
  19. BLOB               Binary Large Object
  20. BMP                 Bitmap
  21. CAD                 Computer-Aided Design
  22. CC                   Carbon Copy
  23. CCD                 Charged Coupled Device
  24. CD                   Compact Disc
  25. CD-R                Compact Disc Recordable
  26. CD-ROM          Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
  27. CD-RW             Compact Disc Re-Writable
  28. CDMA              Code Division Multiple Access
  29. CGI                   Common Gateway Interface
  30. CISC                 Complex Instruction Set Computing
  31. CMOS               Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
  32. CMYK              Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
  33. CPA                  Cost Per Action
  34. CPC                  Cost Per Click
  35. CPL                  Cost Per Lead
  36. CPM                  Cost Per 1,000 Impressions
  37. CPS                  Classroom Performance System
  38. CPU                  Central Processing Unit
  39. CRM                 Customer Relationship Management
  40. CRT                  Cathode Ray Tube
  41. CSS                  Cascading Style Sheet
  42. CTP                  Composite Theoretical Performance
  43. CTR                  Click-Through Rate
  44. DAC                  Digital-to-Analog Converter
  45. DBMS               Database Management System
  46. DDR                 Double Data Rate
  47. DDR2               Double Data Rate 2
  48. DHCP               Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  49. DIMM                Dual In-Line Memory Module
  50. DLL                  Dynamic Link Library
  51. DMA                 Direct Memory Access
  52. DNS                 Domain Name System
  53. DOS                 Disk Operating System
  54. DPI                   Dots Per Inch
  55. DRAM              Dynamic Random Access Memory
  56. DRM                Digital Rights Management
  57. DSL                  Digital Subscriber Line
  58. DSLAM             Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
  59. DTD                  Document Type Definition
  60. DV                    Digital Video
  61. DVD                  Digital Versatile Disc
  62. DVD+R             Digital Versatile Disc Recordable
  63. DVD-RAM         Digital Versatile Disc Random Access Memory
  64. DVD-RW           Digital Versatile Disk Rewritable
  65. DVI                   Digital Video Interface
  66. DVR                  Digital Video Recorder
  67. ECC                  Error Correction Code
  68. EDI                   Electronic Data Interchange
  69. EPS                  Encapsulated PostScript
  70. FAQ                  Frequently Asked Questions
  71. FIFO                 First In, First Out
  72. FIOS                 Fiber Optic Service
  73. FLOPS              Floating Point Operations Per Second
  74. FPU                  Floating Point Unit
  75. FTP                  File Transfer Protocol
  76. GIF                   Graphics Interchange Format; Applied To Image Format As .gif
  77. GIGO               Garbage In, Garbage Out
  78. GIS                   Geographic Information Systems
  79. GPS                  Global Positioning System
  80. GPU                 Graphics Processing Unit
  81. GUI                   Graphical User Interface
  82. GUID                 Globally Unique Identifier
  83. HDMI                High-Definition Multimedia Interface
  84. HDTV                High Definition Televsion
  85. HDV                  High-Definition Video
  86. HFS                  Hierarchical File System
  87. HSF                  Heat Sink And Fan
  88. HTML               Hyper-Text Markup Language
  89. HTTP                HyperText Transfer Protocol
  90. HTTPS              HyperText Transport Protocol Secure
  91. ICANN               Internet Corporation For Assigned Names And Numbers
  92. ICF                    Internet Connection Firewall
  93. ICMP                 Internet Control Message Protocol
  94. ICS                    Internet Connection Sharing
  95. IDE                    Integrated Device Electronics
  96. IDE                    Integrated Development Environment
  97. IEEE                  Institute Of Electrical And Electronics Engineers
  98. IGP                    Integrated Graphics Processor
  99. IM                      Instant Message
  100. IMAP                 Internet Message Access Protocol
  101. INTERNIC          Internet Network Information Center
  102. IP                      Internet Protocol
  103. IPX                    Internetwork Packet Exchange
  104. IRC                    Internet Relay Chat
  105. IRQ                    Interrupt Request
  106. ISA                    Industry Standard Architecture
  107. ISCSI                 Internet Small Computer Systems Interface
  108. ISDN                 Integrated Services Digital Network
  109. ISO                   International Organization For Standardization
  110. ISP                   Internet Service Provider
  111. IT                      Information Technology
  112. IVR                    Interactive Voice Response
  113. JPEG                Joint Photographic Experts Group; Applied To Image Format As .jpeg
  114. JRE                   Java Runtime Environment
  115. JSP                   Java Server Page
  116. KBPS                Kilobits Per Second
  117. KDE                  K Desktop Environment
  118. KVM                 Switch  Keyboard, Video, And Mouse Switch
  119. LAN                  Local Area Network
  120. LCD                  Liquid Crystal Display
  121. LDAP                Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
  122. LIFO                 Last In, First Out
  123. LPI                    Lines Per Inch
  124. LUN                  Logical Unit Number
  125. MAC (ADDRESS)     Media Access Control Address
  126. MANET             Mobile Ad Hoc Network
  127. MBPS              Megabits Per Second
  128. MCA                 Micro Channel Architecture
  129. MIDI                  Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  130. MIPS                 Million Instructions Per Second
  131. MP3                  MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3
  132. MPEG              Moving Picture Experts Group; Video Format
  133. MTU                 Maximum Transmission Unit
  134. NAT                  Network Address Translation
  135. NETBIOS          Network Basic Input/Output System
  136. NIC                   Network Interface Card
  137. NNTP               Network News Transfer Protocol
  138. NOC                 Network Operations Center
  139. NTFS                New Technology File System
  140. OASIS              Organization For The Advancement Of Structured Information Standards
  141. OCR                 Optical Character Recognition
  142. ODBC              Open Database Connectivity
  143. OEM                 Original Equipment Manufacturer
  144. OLAP               Online Analytical Processing
  145. OLE                  Object Linking And Embedding
  146. OOP                 Object-Oriented Programming
  147. P2P                  Peer To Peer
  148. PC                    Personal Computer
  149. PCB                  Printed Circuit Board
  150. PCI                   Peripheral Component Interconnect
  151. PCI-X                Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended
  152. PCMCIA           Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
  153. PDA                 Personal Digital Assistant
  154. PDF                  Portable Document Format
  155. PHP                  Hypertext Preprocessor
  156. PIM                   Personal Information Manager
  157. PMU                 Power Management Unit
  158. PNG                 Portable Network Graphic;
  159. Image Format
  160. POP3               Post Office Protocol
  161. PPC                  Pay Per Click
  162. PPGA               Plastic Pin Grid Array
  163. PPI                   Pixels Per Inch
  164. PPL                  Pay Per Lead
  165. PPM                 Pages Per Minute
  166. PPP                  Point To Point Protocol
  167. PPTP                Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
  168. PRAM               Parameter Random Access Memory
  169. PS/2                 Personal System/2
  170. QBE                 Query By Example
  171. RAID                 Redundant Array Of Independent Disks
  172. RAM                 Random Access Memory
  173. RDF                  Resource Description Framework
  174. RDRAM            Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
  175. RGB                 Red Green Blue
  176. RISC                 Reduced Instruction Set Computing
  177. ROM                Read-Only Memory
  178. RPC                  Remote Procedure Call
  179. RPM                 Revenue Per 1,000 Impressions. (M Is The Roman Numeral For 1,000)
  180. RSS                  RDF Site Summary
  181. RTE                  Runtime Environment
  182. RTF                  Rich Text Fomat
  183. RUP                 Rational Unified Process
  184. SAN                  Storage Area Network
  185. SATA                Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
  186. SCSI                 Small Computer System Interface
  187. SD                    Secure Digital
  188. SDRAM            Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  189. SDSL                Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  190. SEM                 Search Engine Marketing
  191. SEO                 Search Engine Optimization
  192. SIMM                Single In-Line Memory Module
  193. SKU                  Stock Keeping Unit
  194. SLI                    Scalable Link Interface
  195. SMART            Self-Monitoring Analysis And Reporting Technology
  196. SMB                 Server Message Block
  197. SMS                 Short Message Service
  198. SMTP               Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  199. SNMP               Simple Network Management Protocol
  200. SO-DIMM         Small Outline Dual In-Line Memory Module
  201. SOA                 Service Oriented Architecture
  202. SOAP               Simple Object Access Protocol
  203. SQL                  Structured Query Language
  204. SRAM               Static Random Access Memory
  205. SRGB               Standard Red Green Blue
  206. SSID                 Service Set Identifier
  207. SSL                   Secure Sockets Layer
  208. TCP/IP              Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
  209. TFT                  Thin-Film Transistor
  210. TIFF                  Tagged Image File Format; Image Format
  211. TTL                  Time To Live (DNS)
  212. TWAIN              Toolkit Without An Informative Name
  213. UDDI                 Universal Description Discovery And Integration
  214. UDP                  User Datagram Protocol
  215. UML                  Unified Modeling Language
  216. UNC                  Universal Naming Convention
  217. UPNP                Universal Plug And Play
  218. UPS                  Uninterruptible Power Supply
  219. URI                   Uniform Resource Identifier
  220. URL                  Uniform Resource Locator
  221. USB                  Universal Serial Bus
  222. VCI                    Virtual Channel Identifier
  223. VESA                Video Electronics Standards Association
  224. VFAT                 Virtual File Allocation Table
  225. VGA                  Video Graphics Array
  226. VLB                  VESA Local Bus
  227. VLE                  Virtual Learning Environment
  228. VOIP                Voice Over Internet Protocol
  229. VPI                   Virtual Path Identifier
  230. VPN                  Virtual Private Network
  231. VPS                  Virtual Private Server
  232. VRAM               Video Random Access Memory
  233. VRML               Virtual Reality Modeling Language
  234. WAIS                 Wide Area Information Server
  235. WAN                 Wide Area Network
  236. WEP                 Wired Equivalent Privacy
  237. WI-FI                Wireless Fidelity
  238. WPA                 Wi-Fi Protected Access
  239. WWW              World Wide Web
  240. XHTML             Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
  241. XML                  Extensible Markup Language
  242. XSLT                Extensible Style Sheet Language Transformation
  243. Y2K                  Year 2000
  244. ZIF                    Zero Insertion Force

Computer Units

4 bits= 1 nibble

8 bits= 1 byte

1 kilobit per second (kbps)

= 125 bytes per second (Bps)

1 Megabit per second (Mbps)

= 0.125 megabytes per second (MBps)

1024 bytes   = 1 kilobyte (KB)*

1024 kB   = 1 megabyte (MB)*

1024 MB   = 1 gigabyte (GB)*

1024 GB   = 1 terabyte (TB)*

1024 TB    = 1 petabyte (PB)*

1024 PB    = 1 exabyte (EB)*

1024 EB    = 1 zettabyte (ZB)*

1024 ZB    = 1 yottabyte (YB)*

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